[19], Geographically Stepanakert lay in the most vulnerable position, with Aghdam 15 miles to the East, Khojaly to the North and Shushi to the South. Another ancient and historical building is the State Drama theatre of Vahram Papazyan, since 1930. In Nagorno-Karabakh, renewed fighting between Azerbaijan and Armenia is continuing for the ninth consecutive day. Foreign Broadcast Information Service - page 23, Conflicts in the OSCE area - Ole Berthelsen, Sven Gunnar Simonsen, International Peace Research Institute, page 12, The Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict: causes and implications By Michael P. Croissant - page 79, Conflict, Cleavage, and Change in Central Asia and the Caucasus By Karen Dawisha, Bruce Parrott - page 82, Armenia: portraits of survival and hope By Donald Earl Miller, Lorna Touryan Miller, Jerry Berndt - page 74, Freedom Support Act (1992) Section 907: Restrictions on the Assistance to Azerbaijan. She and 36 other families living under their apartment house have no bread since bakeries have shut, so they hull raw wheat and boil it instead. De bevolking bestaat uit ongeveer 50.000 mensen. They were shelling not the military positions of Karabakh self-defence army but the civilian areas. On top of that, all the Karabakh Armenians are exhausted as a result of militarization of daily life. The musical fountains of park amuse all visitors every day from 7 p.m. to midnight. Another military museum honors those soldiers from the Karabakh war who are “missing”. Armenian authorities have claimed civilian casualties as a result of shelling carried out in Stepanakert … This republic is the de facto independent, but the internationally unrecognized.

On August 22–24 alone, Azerbaijani bombings had caused at least 40 civilian deaths and left 100 people wounded. [9], According to Memorial Human Rights Center, the residential areas of both Stepanakert and Shushi were shelled on a regular basis with the use of artillery and rocket launchers. The indiscriminate shelling, sniper shooting and aerial attacks killed or maimed hundreds of civilians and destroyed homes, hospitals and other buildings that were not legitimate military targets, and generally terrorized the civilian population. [14], If I have a memory, it is the cold. This national monument is one of the top places you should visit. [14], As a result of tightening of the blockade by Azerbaijan all essential supplies, including water, electricity, food and medicines were virtually cut off. The delegation also noticed that almost every apartment in Stepankerts western side, had been hit by shelling. In 1923 Stepanakert got its present name, by the Soviet government to honor Stepan Shahumyan. There were no shops, no gas, no electricity, no phones, no post, and no cash money. De tekst is beschikbaar onder de licentie. [21] Almost all of the civilian population of Karabakh was concentrated in Stepanakert after leaving due to the battle zone, and even poorly aimed bombing by Azerbaijani aircraft resulted in heavy losses of civilians. Not a single home is heated or has electricity, because the blockade has cut off all incoming fuel... Every village has its own defense force because every village is in the war zone. There were no products to trade for food stamps. The museum of Fallen Soldiers honors those who died in battle during the 1990–94 war with Azerbaijan. 1923 is also the year Stepanakert became the capital of Karabakh with a mixed Armenian-Russian population, schools, churches, public buildings, hotels, and houses. "[16] According to Caroline Cox, "I used to count 400 Grad missiles every day pounding in on Stepanakert. [33], Azerbaijan’s air force bombed the capital of the ethnic Armenian enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh on Saturday destroying a hostel for refugees and killing at least 10 people, according to media reports.

The main symbol of all Artsakh and Stepanakert is the popular monument “We and Our Mountains“. There were ruined buildings on all sides, and almost every house had some trace of war damage, an exposed roof, bullet holes, cracks, staring windows. Water was so difficult to obtain that drinking tea was disgraceful. This perfectly reflects the valuable cultural heritage of Artsakhian people. There is not enough fuel; gas pipeline is constantly blown up, it is cold, and in blockaded towns there is famine…[36], "Anyone could just get up with a hangover, after drinking the night before, sit behind the Grad and fire, fire, fire at, The response of Karabakh's self-defense forces. Hopes Slim For Ending Bloody Conflict Over Disputed Area, Indiscriminate Bombing and Shelling by Azerbaijani Forces in Nagorno Karabakh, Memories of Stepanakert: Karabakhi reporter compares to nights in the NKR capital, Report: 20 Reportedly Killed in Nagorno-Karabakh, Azerbaijan’s continuing siege of Stepanakert (Artsakh/Nagorno-Karabakh) by British journalist Russell Pollard, Law on Abolishment of Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast, Administrative divisions of the Republic of Artsakh, Azerbaijani Community of Nagorno-Karabakh, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Siege_of_Stepanakert&oldid=983648051, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 169 (October 1991–April 1992; according to NKR Interior Minister as quoted by, This page was last edited on 15 October 2020, at 12:40. There is no water, electricity, food or fuel. Essentially, GRAD is designed to deliver anti-personnel devastation on an open battlefield, while the Azerbaijani Army used it to shell civilians in a densely populated capital of Nagorno-Karabakh.

[5] The bombardment of Stepanakert and adjacent Armenian towns and villages, which took place under the conditions of total blockade by Azerbaijan, caused widespread destruction and many civilian deaths. One of the favorite places for travelers and locals is a green park named after Stepan Shahumyan.

[8] As a result of the offensive launched by Azerbaijan on Nagorno-Karabakh more than 40,000 people became refugees, dozens of villages were burnt and ruined. Some streets and buildings have kept their historical shape. And from mid February against the townspeople and villagers of Artsakh they used weapons of mass destruction – Grad rocket-launchers, which is a prohibited weapon. During the Nagorno-Karabakh War, Stepanakert, the largest city in Nagorno-Karabakh, was besieged by Azerbaijani forces. Take a piece of Artsakhian memories from this shop. Armenia, Azerbaijan Battle On. Situated in the very heart of the city, here you can see the Presidential palace, buildings of the Parliament, the Government and the Palace of Youth. After six months of daily bombardments by Azerbaijani missiles, the damage that is visible in this isolated city of 70,000 Armenians is frightening enough. In addition, you will see not only new carpets but also ancient ones in the showroom of the factory. There are more than 50 thousand historical and cultural artifacts here, from ancient times to nowadays. This was a bloody war with a lot of deaths. After 1847 it was renamed Khankendi.

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