The two countries signed agreements on research and development, aviation, civil service commissions and agricultural cooperation, as well as a declaration on establishing an agricultural consortium. Among the leaders giving congratulations were Armenian President Armen Sarkissian[135], Russian President Vladimir Putin, former Tatar President Mintimer Shaimiev[136] and former Turkish President Abdullah Gül. Video, Composer with dementia meets students he inspired, US Election 2020: Biden seeks to clarify remark on ending oil, US election 2020: How Trump has changed the world, Coronavirus: US cases reach record high amid new wave of infections, Nagorno-Karabakh conflict: 'Execution' video prompts war crime probe, Virus to stay 'at least until next summer' - France's Macron, Emily in Paris: Netflix hit's creator Darren Star 'not sorry' for 'clichés', US man jailed for supplying guns used in San Bernardino shootings, Poland abortion ruling: Protests spread across the country, Coronavirus infections continue to rise across UK. [83][84][85][86][87][88][89][90][91][excessive citations], In February 2018, Reuters reported that "Kazakhstan further loosened cultural ties with its former political masters in Moscow ... when a ban on speaking Russian in cabinet meetings took effect ... [Nazarbayev] has also ordered all parliamentary hearings to be held in Kazakh, saying those who are not fluent must be provided with simultaneous translations. He takes an active part in the global process of non-proliferation of nuclear weapons. In 2007, the Parliament of Kazakhstan approved a constitutional amendment which allowed Nazarbayev alone to serve as many terms as necessary reflecting Nazarbayev's importance as a figure in Kazakhstan. Torture remains common in places of detention. [43] Subsequently, Nazarbayev successfully pushed for a parliamentary bill granting him legal immunity, as well as another designed to legalise money laundering, angering critics further. ... fines for violations in the field of environmental protection — Magzum Mirzagaliyev spoke about implementation of President’s Address ___ 07 September 2020, 16:33 . [citation needed], In 1994, Nazarbayev suggested relocating the capital city from Almaty to Astana, and the official changeover of the capital happened on 10 December 1997. [129], On 29 November 2019, Nursultan Nazarbayev was named the Honorary Chair of Central Asian Consultative Meeting.

[56], In his 1998 autobiography, Nazarbayev wrote that "The shrinking of the Aral Sea, because of its scope, is one of the most serious ecological disasters being faced by our planet today. The constitution of Kazakhstan states that the President should only serve a maximum of two five-year terms. [96], The National plan "100 concrete steps" introduced by President Nazarbayev included measures to reform the court system of Kazakhstan. Nursultan Nazarbayev had been the leader of Kazakhstan since 1989, when he was named First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Kazakh SSR.

Critics say that the country's government has come to resemble a clan system. As chairman of the security council, he added, he would retain "major powers to determine the country's external and domestic policies". In a televised address, he said the decision was "not easy" but he wanted to help "a new generation of leaders". "I have decided to give up my powers as president," Mr Nazarbayev said during his surprise television address on Tuesday. Kazinform's timeline of major events", "Kazakh President amends decree on educational grant for talented youngsters", "Abuse claims swamp Kazakh oil riot trial", "Kazakhstan: Zhanaozen Oil Workers Did Not Take Up Arms", "The Stable State Of Nursultan Nazarbayev's Kazakhstanl", "Kazakhstan's Presidential Election Shows Progress", "Kazakhstan 2050 Strategy Leads to Government Restructuring", "Kazakhstan: President suggests renaming the country", "As Kazakh scandal unfolds, Soviet-style reprisals begin", "Kazakhstan Goes After Opposition Media in New York Federal Court", "How Kazakhstan is Trying to Use the US Courts to Censor the Net", "Kazakh President given right to head National Security Council for life", Holding-Together Regionalism: Twenty Years of Post-Soviet Integration, "Президент Республики Казахстан Н. А. Назарбаев о евразийской интеграции. This principle of the Kazakh leadership has earned it the name "Singapore of the Steppes". The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe criticized the last presidential election as falling short of international democratic standards. This decree was amended on 23 September 2016. [20] At the sixteenth session of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan in January 1986, Nazarbayev criticized Askar Kunayev, head of the Academy of Sciences, for not reforming his department. Nursultan Nazarbayev, in full Nursultan Abishevich Nazarbayev, Nazarbayev also spelled Nazarbaev, (born July 6, 1940, Kazakhstan, U.S.S.R.), first president of Kazakhstan (1990–2019), a reformist who sought regional autonomy for his Central Asian republic.

President of Kazakhstan Kassym-Jomart Tokayev addressed at the General Debate of the 75th session of the UN General Assembly. [4] Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, speaker of the upper house of parliament, was appointed as president of the country until the end of the presidential term. In March 1999, he becomes the Deputy Prime Minister of Kazakhstan. [18], In his role as a bureaucrat, Nazarbayev dealt with legal papers, logistical problems, and industrial disputes, as well as meeting workers to solve individual issues. We would like to remind you that you will need to have a digital signature. He is fond of reading fiction, political and memoir literature. [11] Following this, his father took the family to the mountains to live out a nomadic existence. [95], Kazakhstan's global rank in the World Justice Project's 2015 Rule of Law Index was 65 out of 102; the country scored well on "Order and Security" (global rank 32/102), and poorly on "Constraints on Government Powers" (global rank 93/102), "Open Government" (85/102) and "Fundamental Rights" (84/102, with a downward trend marking a deterioration in conditions). [147], On 16 August 2020, Nazarbayev's grandson, Aisultan, reportedly died from cardiac arrest in London. Yet, because of the economic crisis, he has faced growing discontent from some of the population. He is awarded numerous state awards of Kazakhstan and foreign countries, as well as commemorative medals. [23] In the country's first presidential election, held on 1 December, he appeared alone on the ballot and won 95% of the vote. [clarification needed][40][41], Over the course of Nazarbayev's presidency, an increasing number of accusations of corruption and favoritism have been directed against Nazarbayev and his circle. Since 2007, he has been a member of Nur Otan Party and the Bureau of the Political Council of Nur Otan Party. [69], In a speech given in December 2006 marking the fifteenth anniversary of Kazakhstan's independence, Nazarbayev stated he wished to join with Iran in support of a single currency for all Central Asian states and intended to push the idea forward with the President of Iran, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, on an upcoming visit. [60], During the Soviet era, over 500 military experiments with nuclear weapons were conducted by scientists in the Kazakhstan region, mostly at the Semipalatinsk Test Site, causing radiation sickness and birth defects.

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